|Selfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)|
"On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
|Focus, A-ARE||Affect: Average Repeated Overall Estimat|
|Time frame, md||last day|
|Mode, sqr||1 question, repeated|
|Scale type, v||verbal scale Range = 10|
|Used in studies|
|Reference||Gorman (1971): study US 1970 summer|
|Title||A Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.|
|Public||Undergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970|
|Reference||Harder (1969): study US 1969|
|Title||Self-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.|
|Public||Married females, USA, 196?|
|Reference||Wessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957|
|Title||Mood and Personality.|
|Public||Female college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957|
|Reference||Wessman et al. (1960): study US 1957 10-12|
|Title||Characteristics and Concomitants of Mood Fluctuations in College Women.|
|Public||Female college students, followed 6 weeks, Radcliffe, USA, 1957|